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托福阅读长难句例题解析

来源:   2018-01-12 11:15:11   
2017年度太傻留学共收获Offer33464例,奖学金2852万美元,60%的学员进入美国Top50名校;太傻学堂高分学员占比高达85%以上,82%的学员获得了托福100+的好成绩,89%的学员获得了雅思7.0的高分;太傻游学境内外出团人数再创新高,达到5250人次,项目涵盖全球知名企业和顶尖名校及科研院所。

  有些学生过五关斩六将,好不容易将文章意思弄懂的差不多了,一看题目和选项瞬间又一脸懵x。于是只能依靠“经典口诀”来蒙答案,三短一长选一长,三长一短选一短,参差不齐就选c。大家不要模仿哦!

  选项看不懂这种情况的出现是为什么呢?主要原因在于选项的同义改写。

  同义,意味着核心意思保持一致;改写,意味着换一种说法,简单的例如替换同义词语,复杂的例如改变句子结构。下面,我们结合前面所讲的长难句理解内容来做一道句子简化题。

  The Whigs were strongest in the towns, cities, and those rural areas that were fully integrated into the market economy, whereas Democrats dominated areas of semisubsistence farming that were more isolated and languishing economically.

  Which of the sentences below best expresses the essential information in the highlighted sentence in the passage? Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

  A. Whigs were able to attract support only in the wealthiest parts of the economy because Democrats dominated in other areas.

  B. Whig and Democratic areas of influence were naturally split between urban and rural areas, respectively.

  C. The semisubsistence farming areas dominated by Democrats became increasingly isolated by the Whigs' control of the market economy.

  D. The Democrats' power was greatest in poorer areas while the Whigs were strongest in those areas where the market was already fully operating.

  答案:选D

  ......

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