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来源:   2017-12-07 09:55:35   


  Admissions decisions aren’t all about you.

  When colleges choose applicants, they’re juggling competing goals, like increasing diversity and bringing in more revenue. Admissions officers aren’t looking for students who fit just one description — say, those who’ve earned all A’s or won the most awards. So don’t take rejection personally.


  成绩好不好是中国衡量学生的最大的权重,但在美国却不是学生进入top50的最重要因素。这些学校一般对于书虫类的学生没有兴趣,排名越靠前的学校越是如此,work hard 并不是他们对你的期待,他们很多时候希望在你的留学文书中看到你是一个如何能适应环境并且生存竞争力强的人。

  Grades and test scores still carry the most weight.

  Colleges often say they want to get to know the real you, but that’s probably true only if your academic accomplishments (and the rigor of courses you’ve taken) pass muster.


  You’re more than a number.

  After colleges identify a big batch of students with outstanding credentials, differences among them become more important, admissions deans say. Among some of the attributes they tell me they would like to see evidence of (in essays, extracurricular activities, recommendations) are: leadership, risk taking, emotional intelligence, fire for learning, critical thinking, curiosity, empathy, optimism, grit, perseverance and the ability to overcome obstacles.


  美国人的思想:我们要的是80分的满分选手。你需要在你的文书里证明除了80分的成绩之外,你参与的那些活动,你做过的事情,你在活动中服务过哪些其他人。在其他方面,你把20分补全,你会成为美国人眼中潜力种子 ——看,你花了这些精力在考试中取得了80分的成绩,你还在社区服务过群众,你还在马拉松中当过志愿者,你还在山区支过教,你是一个丰富多彩、潜力无限的人,而不是一个无聊的学霸。

  Express your authentic self.

  Overwhelmed by slick, boastful essays, colleges are eager for what they call “authentic” glimpses of applicants — their experiences, passions and goals. Some deans believe they’ll get deeper insight through alternative formats like videos, pictures, audio files or documents (an Advanced Placement English paper, maybe). A handful of prestigious schools, including Yale, the University of Chicago, Pomona College, Reed College and the University of Rochester, recently introduced this option. As with essays, too much polish is no good, deans say, so you might think twice about hiring a professional videographer. At Yale, about 400 applicants (out of nearly 33,000) for this year’s freshman class sent in something in an alternative format. In at least one case, the submission — a video showing leadership and impact on others — was, the dean told me, a “difference maker.”


  Diversity counts.

  Are you a first-generation or low-income student? Many colleges are trying to increase access, so it can help to emphasize your background — and how your personal story relates to your achievements — in essays and interviews. Admissions officers are thinking harder about socioeconomic context, such as the quality of an applicant’s high school, to better understand the opportunities they’ve had and the challenges they’ve faced.


  But money does matter.

  At many colleges, financial circumstances comes into play. Being able to pay all or some of the freight is a bonus. And some qualified students of limited means might get rejected for no reason other than lack of money.


  Geography is (partly) destiny.

  Many selective colleges want students from all over, ideally from all 50 states. Last year’s presidential election illuminated the urban-rural divide, which some colleges have been trying to bridge by paying closer attention to promising applicants from less-populous areas. Generally, a Northeastern college will look more favorably on an applicant from Montana than an equally strong one from the Northeast.


  Legacies aren’t a shoo-in.

  Legacy status certainly helps, but big-name colleges reject plenty of these applicants. Don’t assume Mom or Dad’s connections alone will get you in.


  Do (real) good.

  A new initiative called “Turning the Tide” urges admissions offices to reward applicants for sustained community service. And some colleges, such as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, are taking a closer look at what applicants have done to help others, be they neighbors or family members. You don’t have to fly to Belize to do good (admissions officers are often skeptical of these fleeting trips). Showing up to tutor someone at the library each week might be even more impressive, and rewarding.

  一项名为“ Turning the Tide”的新举措要求招生官们鼓励申请人参与持续的社区服务。公益或者慈善能改善学校对你的印象。尤其是日常生活中为帮助他人做了哪些事情。比起短暂的慈善或者公益活动,招生官更愿意看到你每周去图书馆当辅导老师的行为。

  Colleges want to be your first choice.

  About one in five colleges allot “considerable importance” to “demonstrated interest,” whereby applicants convey their willingness to attend the college they’re applying to. Open those emails. Connect with admissions officers. Let them know when you visit campus. Only those who are sure about their first choice and don’t need to compare financial aid packages should choose the strongest expression of demonstrated interest: applying early decision, which is binding.






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