CARL AZUZ, CNN 10 ANCHOR: A partial shutdown in the U.S. government. That's whatofficially started on Friday night, and was still going when we produced this show. That's firsttoday on CNN 10.
Congress and the president have to agree on funding for the U.S. government for all of itsoffices to stay open. They haven't. Their latest deadline to do this was Friday night. And thoughthe House of Representatives passed a measure last week to keep the government fundedtemporarily, that measure failed in the Senate, and Democrats and Republicans spent theweekend blaming each other for the roadblock.
Republicans control both chambers of Congress and the White House. So, Democrats believevoters will blame Republicans for the shutdown.
But the Republican majority in the Senate is slim. They hold 51 seats to the Democrats' 49,and Republicans believe Democrats will be blamed because they filibuster. They moved againstlegislation that would have kept the government open, and there weren't enough votes in theSenate to overcome the filibuster.
So, why did Democrats filibuster? Before they approve the budget, they want an agreementto be reached on what happens to 700,000 people who came or were brought to the U.S.illegally as children. Republicans don't want to negotiate on that until enough Democrats vote toreopen the government first. So, yesterday afternoon, both sides were dug in.
Most Americans are not directly affected by a government shutdown, but those who are facesome uncertainty.
TOM FOREMAN, CNN CORRESPONDENT: Roughly 1.9 million government workers would beconsidered essential and stay on the job.
Air traffic controllers, security officers, food inspectors, prison guards, Social Security checkswould go out. The post office would be open. But at a steep price to many workers.
MICK MULVANEY, DIRECTOR, OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET: The military willstill go to work. They will not get paid, OK? The border will still be patrolled. They will not getpaid.
FOREMAN: Meanwhile many services would be stopped or delayed. The Centers for DiseaseControl and Prevention would back down its flu tracking program even as the nation faces theworst outbreak in years. Some senior nutrition programs would be paused. Two hundredthousand passport applications went unprocessed in 1995. Congress funds much of thescientific research done in this country. In 2013, that meant some experiments went on holdand suffered costly losses of data.
And in space same year, that same year, for more than two weeks, NASA reportedly stoppedmonitoring potentially dangerous asteroids. A big one, by the way, is expected to brush byEarth on February 4th.