中国唯一A股上市留学机构
太傻首页 · 论坛 · 服务 · 评估 · 考试 · 专区 · 杂志 · 图书 · 报OFFER

为什么你的托福阅读速度那么慢

来源:互联网   2018-06-08 10:35:01   
2018年度太傻留学在高端留学领域稳步增长,82%的学员进入世界Top50名校,37%学员获得海外高额奖学金;太傻教育高分学员占比高达85%以上,80%的学员获得了托福100+的好成绩,89%的学员获得了雅思7.0的高分;太傻游学境内外出团人数再创新高,项目涵盖全球知名企业和顶尖名校及科研院所。
  常常能听到备考托福的学生抱怨时间过得太快,读不完答不完,60分钟就结束了。今天要好好分析一下,制约学生阅读速度的因素都有哪些,继而有针对性地解决。读得慢的本质,不是阅读速度慢,是理解速度慢。

  原因一

  逐字逐句地读

  没有主次

  没有对句子重点进行区分,长句短句一概匀速阅读,往往记不住自己读过的内容,还有部分学生会复视,再往回读一遍,消耗宝贵的时间。这就像期末考试老师说我们来划一下考试重点,如果整本书都划,那就等于没有重点。做托福阅读也一样,在阅读时多一些思考,谈论对象是谁?做了什么事?事情是好还是坏?对于定语,状语,同位语均可略读。

  Ever since European first explored Australia, people have been trying to understand the ancient rock drawings and cavings created by the Aborigines, the original inhabitants of the continent. Early in the nineteenth century, encounters with Aboriginal rock art tended to be infrequent and open to speculative interpretation, but since the late nineteenth century, awareness of the extent and variety of Australian rock art has been growing. In the latter decades of the twentieth century there were intensified efforts to understand and record the abundance of Australian rock art.

  正如上图,11行字,核心信息就是高光部分的20几个字;如果阅读时重点在几处用心,疲惫感小; 扫读增多,节省时间; 含义清晰,结构分明。

  原因二

  段落层次意识薄弱

  不知道段落核心信息

  托福阅读文章的体裁只有说明文和议论文两种,段落结构比较规整,且有一定规律可循。按照西方的线性思维,他们是先陈述观点,再用论据进行支撑。如果有段落层次意识,学生们就能够迅速判断出段落的主要内容,因为细节是为了证明观点的合理性而存在的,看懂了观点,能够预判下文走向,这样的阅读思路是非常高效的,能够轻松解决读得慢这个问题。

  示例:

  In seeking to describe the origins of theater, one must rely primarily on speculation, since there is little concrete evidence on which to draw. The most widely accepted theory, championed by anthropologists in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, envisions theater as emerging out of myth and ritual. (观点)The process perceived by these anthropologists may be summarized briefly. During the early stages of its development, a society becomes aware of forces that appear to influence or control its food supply and well-being. Having little understanding of natural causes, it attributes both desirable and undesirable occurrences to supernatural or magical forces, and it searches for means to win the favor of these forces. Perceiving an apparent connection between certain actions performed by the group and the result it desires, the group repeats, refines and formalizes those actions into fixed ceremonies, or rituals.(论据支撑)

  段落主旨一般集中在观点句,结论句和转折句,所有评论性句子都要理解透彻,而不是每段只读首末两句这样的公式化结论。段落中出现的支持观点所用的论据,如举例,引用,现象解释之类会有大量生僻词汇,学生不可能全部理解,其实也不需要全部理解,只需要记住细节是为观点而服务的就可以了。

  原因三

  全篇框架感不强

  无法串联各段内容

  形成零散记忆

  托福阅读这类学术文章,内部的逻辑性非常强,各段都有自己的功能,尤其是首段和第二段,明确告知整篇文章的主题,并对下文内容做出预告。有些是分析某现象的产生原因;某现象导致的影响;解开某些谜团;介绍某事物的特征,学生直接根据这些提示,就可以推测下文发展方向,而不是独立地记住各自然段的内容,阅读任务繁重。

  The systematic study of this art is a relatively new discipline in Australia. Over the past four decades new discoveries have steadily added to the body of knowledge. The most significant data have come from a concentration on three major questions. First, what is the age of Australian rock art? Second, what is its stylistic organization and is it possible to discern asequence or a pattern of development between styles? Third, is it possible to interpret accurately the subject matter of ancient rock art, bring to bear all available archaeological techniques and the knowledge of present-day Aboriginal informants?

  正如上文,过渡段直接告知全文主要内容,带着这些提示进行积极阅读,输入的信息将会帮助学生更好地理解篇章,故此,搭建全篇框架感也是提高理解能力,解决读得慢这个问题的必备技能。

  >>>欢迎加入太傻留学申请考试交流群 :托福考试公益交流群:<540548845 >; 美国留学公益交流群<236755118>

  点击本页面的咨询窗口,会有我们的专门的老师为你答疑。想要了解有关2018托福考试时间、2018托福考点、托福考位、托福机经等信息以及想要参加托福考试培训考生请选择太傻留学。最后,小编祝大家出国留学之路顺顺利利!更多精彩内容尽在太傻留学托福考试频道。

  精品推荐:

  托福一对一 VIP提分课程

  托福基础小班 百元课 100元=10课 秒杀啦!

  出国留学 语言考试指南大集锦

  太傻在线-语言考试测试评估

  扫描上方二维码,你想要的都在这里

[编辑:zhaofang]
【独家稿件声明】凡注明“太傻咨询”来源之文章,未经授权,任何媒体和个人不得全部或者部分转载。如需转载,请与太傻网联系;经许可后转载务必请注明出处,违者本网将依法追究。凡注明“互联网”来源之文章版权归原作者所有。如有内容、版权等问题请在30日内与本网联系。邮件: 2355468160@qq.com
关键词 托福阅读
分享: